ASSIGNMENT QUESTIONQuestion 1You are the audit senior responsible for the audit of Sampson Limited. You arecurrently planning the audit for the year ended 31 December 20X7. During your initialplanning meeting held with the financial controller, he told you of the followingchanges in the company’s operations.(i) Due to the financial controller’s workload, the company has employed atreasurer. The financial controller is excited about the appointment because inthe two months that the treasurer has been with the company he has realised asmall profit for the company through foreign-exchange transactions in yen.(ii) Sampson has planned to close an inefficient factory in country New SouthWales before the end of 20X7. It is expected that the redeployment anddisposal of the factory’s assets will not be completed until the end of thefollowing year. However, the financial controller is confident that he will be ableto determine reasonably accurate closure provisions.(iii) To help achieve the budgeted sales for the year, Sampson is about tointroduce bonuses for its sales staff. The bonuses will be an increasingpercentage of the gross sales made, by each salesperson, above certainmonthly targets.(iv) The company is using a new general ledger software package. The financialcontroller is impressed with the new system, because management accountsare easily produced and allow detailed comparisons with budgets and priorperiodfigures across product lines and geographical areas. The conversion tothe new system occurred with a minimum of fuss. As it is a popular computerpackage, it required only minor modifications.(v) As part of the conversion, the position of systems administrator was created.This position is responsible for all systems maintenance, including databackups and modifications. These tasks were the responsibility of theaccountant.(vi) The managing director has returned from the USA, where he signed a contractto import a line of clothing that has become the latest fashion fad in the USA.The company has not previously been engaged in the clothing industry.Required:For each of the scenarios above, explain how the components of audit risk (inherent,control or detection risk) are affected.[10 marks]Question 2You are the audit senior on the audit of EasyFit Pty Limited, a large manufacturer ofshoes. EasyFit Pty Limited’s main market lies with 18 to 24 year olds.This is the first year in which your firm has performed the audit. As part of theplanning work, you have performed analytical procedures on an annualised basisand compared the results to industry averages and last year’s audited financialinformation. The results are given below:Industry average EasyFit Pty LimitedRatio 20X7 20X6 20X7 20X61 Current ratio 2.84 3.27 1.89 2.242 Receivables turnover ratio 4.9 4.6 6.3 7.03 Inventory turnover ratio 3.7 3.8 5.0 5.54 Return on total assets 7% 5% 13% 11%5 Net profit ratio 0.06 0.06 0.04 0.046 Gross margin 0.20 0.26 0.20 0.18Required:Explain the general meaning of each of the above ratios, discuss the conclusions thatyou can draw about EasyFit’s financial position and identify potential audit risks to beinvestigated further.